Some of the PET studies measure antisocial individuals' glucose metabolic activities the level of radioactivity in resting status and then compare with control subjects. For example, Volkow et al. Later Wong et al. Other PET studies measured the glucose metabolism abnormality in antisocial individuals while doing a continuous performance task CPT.
This technology has the limitation of injecting the participants a short-lived radioactive tracer prior to the scan; therefore, ''making it somewhat less suitable for use in community samples'' Yang et al.
A better development in functional imaging technology is the use of fMRI. This technique does not require any injection. It measures the abnormal neural activity in the brain of antisocial individuals while performing emotional or cognitive tasks. However, researchers also observed increased activation in the frontotemporal and the right prefrontal regions Yang et al.
Overall, a large number of studies used the relatively new fMRI technology, together they provide important evidences indicating functional dysfunctions in the frontal, temporal, and limbic regions in antisocial individuals. The structural imaging technique aMRI can be used to detect volumetric abnormalities i. Many researches have observed the reduced gray matter in the prefrontal cortex in antisocial behaviour individuals Raine et al.
More specifically, Laakso et al. Other studies found a volume reduction in the temporal as well as prefrontal cortex Barbas, ; Squire et al. These brain regions are thought to be involved in sensory, affective, and higher cognitive processing. There are also studies of antisocial individuals shown structural deficits in the subcortical regions, particularly the hippocampus and corpus callosum Laakso et al.
Example research essay topic: Differential Association Theory Criminal Behavior - 1,424 words
However, this conclusion is still plausible and requires future studies. Therefore, genetic studies does not support the idea that a genetic basis for any type of criminal or antisocial behavior Joseph, Molecular genetic studies found the relationship of certain types of genes with antisocial behaviour, e.
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This leads us to environmental theories of criminality, or that criminals are made. There have been many studies into the effects of certain vitamins and minerals and their toxic effects in relation to criminality. For instance the toxic effects of lead and its adverse effects on learning are widely accepted, yet the link between lead levels and criminal behavior was not in question until Bryce-Smith also found.
Genetic Factors and Criminal Behavior words - 3 pages In this article the two authors research the connection between genetic factors and criminal behavior. They look at the causes that make someone act in a criminal way.
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There are several factors looked at in connection to the cause such as social factors and environmental variables. The social factors being the more examined of the two. They hypothesized that other factors in performance or alone with environmental variables would lead to better. Essay Question: In terms of Trait theories, which theory do you think most explains criminal behavior?
Essay on Criminal Behavior - Words | Bartleby
Individual traits by themselves cannot determine criminality. Outside factors such as the environment along with certain personality traits is what causes criminal behavior. Factors Affecting the Complexity of Criminal Behavior words - 6 pages defining and contributing to people engaging in criminal behaviours. There are a range of theories that attempt to describe human behavior reflecting the complexities of human behaviour.
Given the range of theories of behaviour, there is not any one theory that can fully explain criminal behaviour given the complexity of the behaviour. These include. Criminal Behavior words - 8 pages It has always been a traditional view that males commit more crimes than females as females are seen more as victims than perpetrators. According to most literature men are the predominant figures where crime is concerned and women are seen as law abiding citizens this essay will show that to an extent gender is a useful tool in explaining criminal behaviour in terms of whether a male or female may have committed a certain type of crime however.
Psychoanalytic and Phenomenological Explanations of Persistent Antisocial Criminal Behavior words - 9 pages Individuals' personalities and overall quality of living are significantly influenced by several interrelated sources ranging from one's upbringing and quality of relationships to their own feelings of self-esteem and worth. Though this may seem relatively easy and un-complex, countless people today are engaged in persistent antisocial, criminal behavior, and seem unable to find an alternative, legal, means of living. While many have tried to. Addressing Unethical Behavior in the Criminal Justice System words - 7 pages To understand the ethical challenges in the criminal justice system, I took a look at the three parts of criminal justice, Policing, Courts, and Corrections.
In doing so I found that this is quite a large topic. The areas I would like to touch on are; those areas in which the newly hired police officer, lawyer, and corrections officer my face.
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The Motivations for Criminal Behavior in Post Katrina New Orleans words - 7 pages "Claims of widespread looting, gunfire directed at helicopters and rescuers, homicides, and rapes, including those of "babies" at the Louisiana Superdome, frequently turned out to be overblown, if not completely untrue" www. One national guardsman said that for every one report he heard of criminal behavior occurring, he heard 20 about people banding together and. It is an approach to crime prevention which focuses on the way a crime occurs or a victimization happens.
Biosocial criminology is an emerging perspective that highlights the interdependence between genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of antisocial behaviors. However, given that biosocial criminology has only recently gained traction among criminologists, there has not been any attempt This volume presents the rich and provocative historical, theoretical, methodological, and applied developments within affirmative postmodern and post-structural criminology.
This includes the evolution of thought that embraces the "linguistic turn" in crime, law justice, and social change. Anomie, strain and subcultural theories are among the leading theories of crime.
Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically - Essay Example
Anomie theories state that crime results from the failure of society to regulate adequately the behavior of individuals, particularly the efforts of individuals to achieve monetary success. Strain theories focus on Stay on CRCPress. Per Page. Include Forthcoming Titles. Social Constructionist Theories of Crime 1st Edition.
Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories 1st Edition. Social Learning Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Feminist Theories of Crime 1st Edition.
Radical and Marxist Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Cultural Criminology: Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Biosocial Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Matsueda, Stuart Henry March 11, Social Constructionist Theory has become a transcendent perspective appearing in a variety of disciplines from sociology, psychology and psychotherapy, to geography, political science and post-modernism. Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories 1st Edition Tara Renae McGee, Paul Mazerolle March 09, The developmental and life-course perspective in criminology came to prominence during the late s and throughout the s a number of theories were developed to explain offending behavior over the life-course.